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English and Scottish Inventions

MikeWhitehead
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Registered: 19-08-2007

English and Scottish Inventions

I know a fair few Scottish inventions, but not that many English. Lets get a little list going Smiley
(Friendly jibes welcome, but lets keep it civil Wink)
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Re: English and Scottish Inventions

Here you go http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_inventions
Quote
griculture
    * Seed drill - Jethro Tull [1]
[edit] Astronomy
    * Discovery of the planet Uranus[2] and the moons Titania, Oberon, Enceladus, Mimas [3] by Sir William Herschel
[edit] Chemistry
    * Marsh test for Arsenic - James Marsh
    * Dalton's law and Law of multiple proportions - John Dalton
    * Discovery of Buckminsterfullerene - Sir Harry Kroto
    * First isolation of Sodium - Humphry Davy
[edit] Communications
    * Uniform Penny Post - Rowland Hill et al.
    * Clockwork radio [4] - Trevor Baylis
    * The World Wide Web - Sir Tim Berners-Lee
[edit] Computing
    * Analytical engine [5] - Sir Charles Babbage
    * ACE and Pilot ACE [6] - Alan Turing
    * Bombe [6] - Alan Turing
    * Colossus computer [7] - Tommy Flowers
    * Difference engine [5] - Sir Charles Babbage
    * World Wide Web [8] - Sir Tim Berners-Lee
    * ZX Spectrum - Sir Clive Sinclair
[edit] Clock making
    * Anchor escapement [9] - Robert Hooke
    * Balance spring [10] - Robert Hooke (disputed - possibly invented by Christiaan Huygens of the Netherlands)
    * Grasshopper escapement, Gridiron pendulum, H1, H2, H3 and H4 watches (a watch built to solve the longitude measurement problem)[11] - John Harrison
[edit] Clothing manufacturing
    * Derby Rib (stocking manufacture) - Jedediah Strutt
    * Flying shuttle - John Kay
    * Mauveine, the first synthetic organic dye - William Henry Perkin
    * Power loom - Edmund Cartwright
    * Spinning frame - John Kay
    * Spinning jenny - James Hargreaves
    * Spinning mule - Samuel Crompton
    * Polyester - John Rex Whinfield
[edit] Cryptography
    * Playfair cipher - Charles Wheatstone
[edit] Engineering
    * Adjustable spanner - Edwin Beard Budding
    * Cavity Magnetron - Dr Harry Boot
    * First coke-consuming blast furnace - Abraham Darby I
    * First working universal joint - Robert Hooke
    * First Compression-Ignition engine aka Diesel Engine - Herbert Akroyd Stuart
    * Steam Engine - Thomas Savery
    * Newcomen steam engine - Thomas Newcomen
          o Modified version of the Newcomen steam engine (Pickard engine) - James Pickard
    * Pendulum Governor - Frederick Lanchester
    * The first screw-cutting lathe - Henry Maudslay
    * Disc Brakes - Frederick Williams
    * Internal combustion engine - Samuel Brown
    * Jet Engine - Sir Frank Whittle
[edit] Food
    * Bird's Custard - Alfred Bird
    * Sandwich - John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich
[edit] Household appliances
    * Ballbarrow - James Dyson
    * Collapsible baby buggy - Owen Maclaren
    * Dyson DC01 - James Dyson
    * Fire extinguisher - George William Manby
    * Lawn mower - Edwin Beard Budding
    * Rubber band - Stephen Perry
    * Light Bulb - Joseph Wilson Swan
    * Tin can - Peter Durand
    * Corkscrew - Reverend Samuell Henshall
    * Mouse trap - James Henry Atkinson
    * Sewing machine - Thomas Saint
    * Postage Stamp - Rowland Hill
    * Toilet Paper - British Perforated Paper Company
    * Vacuum cleaner - Hubert Cecil Booth
[edit] Industrial processes
    * English crucible steel - Benjamin Huntsman
    * Steel production Bessemer process - Henry Bessemer
    * Hydraulic press - Joseph Bramah
    * Parkesine, the first man-made plastic - Alexander Parkes
    * Portland cement - Joseph Aspdin
    * Sheffield plate - Thomas Boulsover
    * Water frame - Richard Arkwright
    * Stainless Steel - Harry Brearley
    * Rubber Masticator - Thomas Hancock
[edit] Medical
    * First correct description of circulation of the blood - William Harvey
    * Smallpox vaccine - Edward Jenner
    * Antisepsis in surgery - Joseph Lister
    * Artificial intraocular lens transplant surgery for cataract patients - Harold Ridley
    * Clinical thermometer - Thomas Clifford Allbutt. [12]
    * Colour blindness first described by John Dalton in Extraordinary facts relating to the vision of colours [13]
    * Computed Tomography - Godfrey Newbold Hounsfield
    * Viagra - Peter Dunn, Albert Wood, Dr Nicholas Terrett
    * EKG (underlying principles) - various
[edit] Military
    * Congreve rocket - William Congreve
    * High explosive squash head - Sir Charles Dennistoun Burney
    * Puckle Gun - James Puckle
    * Shrapnel shell - Henry Shrapnel
    * Harrier Jump Jet - unknown
    * Tank - unknown
    * Dreadnought Battleship
    * Bailey Bridge - Donald Bailey
[edit] Mining
    * Davy lamp - Humphry Davy
    * Geordie lamp - George Stephenson
[edit] Musical instruments
    * Concertina - Charles Wheatstone
[edit] Photography
    * Ambrotype - Frederick Scott Archer
    * Calotype - William Fox Talbot
    * Collodion process - Frederick Scott Archer
    * Stereoscope - Charles Wheatstone
[edit] Science
    * Compound microscope with 30x magnification - Robert Hooke
    * Universal Joint - Robert Hooke
    * The Iris diaphragm - Robert Hooke
    * Anchor escapement and the balance spring, which made more accurate clocks possible - Robert Hooke
    * Correct theory of combustion - Robert Hooke
    * Barometer, anemometer, and hygrometer (invented or improved) - Robert Hooke
    * Hooke's Law (equation describing elasticity) - Robert Hooke
    * Electrical generator (dynamo) - Michael Faraday
    * Galvanometer - William Sturgeon
    * Infrared radiation - discovery commonly attributed to William Herschel.
    * Newtonian telescope - Sir Isaac Newton
    * Micrometer - Sir William Gascoigne[citation needed]
          o the first bench micrometer that was capable of measuring to one ten thousandth of an inch - Henry Maudslay
    * Sinclair Executive, the world's first small electronic pocket calculator - Sir Clive Sinclair
    * Slide rule - William Oughtred [14]
    * Synthesis of coumarin, one of the first synthetic perfumes, and cinnamic acid via the Perkin reaction- William Henry Perkin
    * The Law of Gravity - Sir Isaac Newton
    * Newton's laws of motion - Sir Isaac Newton
    * DNA fingerprinting - Sir Alec Jeffreys
    * Smallpox Vaccination - Edward Jenner
    * Electromagnet - William Sturgeon
    * Dew Point Hygrometer - John Frederic Daniell
    * Periodic Table - John Alexander Newlands
    * Seismograph - John Milne
    * Theory of Evolution - Charles Darwin
[edit] Transport
[edit] Railways
    * First working railway steam locomotive - Richard Trevithick
[edit] Locomotives
    * Blücher - George Stephenson
    * Puffing Billy -William Hedley
    * Locomotion No 1 - Robert Stephenson
    * Sans Pareil - Timothy Hackworth
    * Stourbridge Lion - Foster, Rastrick and Company
    * Stephenson's Rocket - George and Robert Stephenson
[edit] Other railway developments
    * Displacement lubricator, Ramsbottom safety valve, the water trough, the split piston ring - John Ramsbottom
[edit] Roads
    * Bowden cable - Frank Bowden
    * Cat's eye - Percy Shaw [15]
    * Caterpillar track - Sir George Cayley
    * Hansom cab - Joseph Hansom
    * Seat belt - George Cayley
    * Sinclair C5 - Sir Clive Sinclair
    * Belisha beacon - Leslie Hore-Belisha
[edit] Sea
    * Plimsol line - Samuel Plimsoll
    * Hovercraft - Christopher Cockerell
    * Lifeboat - Lionel Lukin
    * Resurgam - George Garrett
    * Turbinia, the first steam turbine powered steamship, designed by the Irish engineer Sir Charles Algernon Parsons and built in Newcastle upon Tyne
    * Submarine - William Bourne
[edit] Air
    * Aeronautics and flight - George Cayley
    * Jet Engine - Sir Frank Whittle
[edit] Sport
    * Football - Rules as know today were established in 1848 at Cambridge University
    * Rugby - William Webb Ellis (questionable)
    * Cricket - The world's second-most popular sport can be traced back to the 13th Century
[edit] Miscellaneous
    * Daylight saving time - William Willett [16]
    * Bayko - Charles Plimpton
    * Linoleum - Frederick Walton [17]
    * Meccano - Frank Hornby
    * Crossword puzzle - Arthur Wynne
    * Gas Mask - John Tyndall and others
    * Steel-ribbed Umbrella - Samuel Fox

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Re: English and Scottish Inventions

You forgot queues, and weather as a conversation topic.
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Re: English and Scottish Inventions

Better?
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MikeWhitehead
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Re: English and Scottish Inventions

A few of them are wrong (Football was played in Asia before it was in the UK) for instance. I'm tired, so I'll see what others post first, then I'll contribute a little.
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Re: English and Scottish Inventions

trevor bayliss - clockwork radio.
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Re: English and Scottish Inventions

Did anyone mention the dyson?
I need a new signature... i'm bored of the old one!
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Re: English and Scottish Inventions

Quote from: MikeWhitehead

A few of them are wrong (Football was played in Asia before it was in the UK) for instance.

I think it might have been English footballers who invented multiple and unnecessary spitting!! which now all (or most) sportsmen do ad-lib...
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gswindale
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Re: English and Scottish Inventions

Couldn't see the lawnmower in the list
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Re: English and Scottish Inventions

Enigma?
pierre_pierre
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Re: English and Scottish Inventions

Quote
The plugboard, keyboard, lamps, and finger-wheels of the rotors emerging from the inner lid of a three-rotor German military Enigma machine
pierre_pierre
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Re: English and Scottish Inventions

Quote
The first lawn mower was invented by English engineer Edwin Beard Budding in 1827.